"Black box" solution – "Black box" refers to piece of equipment on a network with contents and/or function that are unknown to the user/owner/operator.
CIE - Cyber-Informed Engineering
Enterprise systems – Information technology systems that support business processes.
Financial Infrastructure - the accounting and financial business systems operated by a utility, such as customer billing and payment systems that may
be vulnerable to cybersecurity threats.
HIPAA – Health Information Portability and Accountability Act
LAN – Local Area Network. Communications network generally limited to a small area such as a single building or plant.
Licensed wireless spectrum – Frequencies or frequency bands designated by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) as reserved for organizations
Mobile Devices - Any laptop smartphone, tablet or other device able to connect to a network. Including managed devices and unmanaged devices.
Monitoring practices of the system - any systems that the utility uses to monitor operations such as water quality, security surveillance systems,
access control systems, cyber security systems, energy management systems, or others.
Network Administration – A group of network management activities that provide support services to network users, ensure that the network is used
efficiently and securely, and ensure the network meets the needs of the users.
NSF – National Science Foundation
PCI-DSS – Payment Card Industry - Data Security Standard
PCS – Process Control Systems. Process controls systems refers to any automated monitoring or control, including vendor packaged solutions and the
communication networks used by these systems. In some cases the PCS is referred to as the "SCADA system" or the production environment.
PII – Personally Identifiable Information
Remote access – The ability to access a computer or a network remotely through a network connection. Remote access enables users to
access the systems they need when they are not physically able to connect directly. Users may access systems remotely by using a VPN,
telecommunications, or internet connection.
Third-Party – Any consultant, vendor, manufacturer or independent contractor who renders services to the utility.
Unlicensed wireless spectrum – Unlicensed wireless devices operate in one of the frequency bands set aside by the Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) for industrial, scientific or medical (ISM) applications. Frequencies within the unlicensed wireless spectrum are free to use.
Vendor panel solution - Vendor panel refers to a control panel provided by a vendor to monitor or operate a treatment or distribution process.
For example: a vendor provided ultrafiltration unit would have an accompanying control panel to control the ultrafiltration process.
Virtualization Technology – Technology capable of creating a virtual (rather than actual) version of something, including virtual computer hardware
platforms, storage devices, and computer network resources.
WAN – Wide Area Network. Communications network that generally extends over a large geographic area such as communications between two facilities.
Wi-Fi – Wi-Fi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
Wireless access point – A networking hardware device that allows other Wi-Fi enabled devices (e.g. a smart phone) to connect to a wired network.